Section 2013 of America’s Water Infrastructure Act of 2018 (AWIA) requires community water systems that serve more than 3,300 people to complete a Risk and Resilience Assessment and develop an Emergency Response Plan. iParametrics has been assisting water systems across the United States to meet the AWIA requirements and avoid costly fines.

  • March 31, 2020

    Risk and Resilience Assessment Certification Submitted to the EPA for Utilities Serving ≥100,000 people
  • September 30, 2020

    Emergency Response Plan Certification Submitted to the EPA for Utilities Serving ≥100,000 people
  • December 31, 2020

    Risk and Resilience Assessment Certification Submitted to the EPA for Utilities Serving 50,000 to 99,999 people
  • June 30, 2021

    Emergency Response Plan Certification Submitted to the EPA for Utilities Serving 50,000 to 99,999 people

    Risk and Resilience Assessment Certification Submitted to the EPA for Utilities Serving 3,301 to 49,999 people

  • December 30, 2021

    Emergency Response Plan Certification Submitted to the EPA for Utilities Serving 3,301 to 49,999 people

AWIA Frequently Asked Questions

1What should a compliant Risk and Resilience Assessment include?
  • Natural hazards and malevolent acts (i.e., all hazards)
  • Resilience of water facility infrastructure pipes, physical barriers, water sources and collection, treatment, storage and distribution, electronic, and other automated systems
  • Monitoring practices
  • Financial systems (e.g., billing systems)
  • Chemical storage and handling
  • Operations and maintenance
  • Our Risk and Resiliency Specialists have performed hundreds of All-Hazard Risk and Resilience Assessments for utilities across the country, including Community Water Systems of every size.

2What methodology should I use for the Risk and Resilience Assessment?

AWIA does not specifically require a particular methodology when developing the Risk and Resiliency Assessment. There are several methods; however, the most reliable are:

  • The American Water Works Association Standard J100-10 (R13), Risk and Resilience Management of Water and Wastewater Systems
  • The EPA’s Vulnerability Self-Assessment Tool (VSAT)
  • For systems serving a population under 50,000 AWWA and EPA have created abbreviated Risk and Resilience processes to assist in the development of an AWIA compliant assessment

At iParametrics our Water Professionals are certified in the use of the most common tools for AWIA compliant Risk and Resiliency Assessments.

3Does my Vulnerability Assessment for the 2002 Bioterrorism Act count as a Risk and Resiliency Assessment?

No. The 2002 Vulnerability Assessments were only required to address the threat of terrorism. Under AWIA the Risk and Resiliency Assessment must look at All Hazards; malevolent and natural. In addition, AWIA now requires Risk and Resiliency Assessments to be completed/updated every five years.

As part of our first steps to certification, the iParametrics Team does a Gap Analysis of your existing documentation to validate compliance with the AWIA requirements. Areas needing additional consideration are identified early to allow adequate time for development.

4What if I already have an Emergency Response Plan? Is that good enough?

Maybe. In response to the 2002 Bioterrorism Act most Community Water Systems created an Emergency Response Plan. AWIA now requires plans to be completely reviewed and updated every five years. Plans must address:

  • Hazards identified in the Risk and Resiliency Assessment
  • Strategies and resources to improve resilience, including physical security and cybersecurity
  • Plans and procedures for responding to a natural hazard or malevolent act that threatens safe drinking water
  • Actions and equipment to lessen the impact of malevolent act or natural hazards on Source Water and Finished Water, including alternative water sources, relocating intakes, and flood protection barriers
  • Strategies to detect malevolent acts or natural hazards that threaten the system

As part of our first steps to certification, the iParametrics Team does a Gap Analysis of your existing documentation to validate compliance with the AWIA requirements. Areas needing additional consideration are identified early to allow adequate time for development.

5What do I need to submit to the U.S. EPA?

Each utility must certify to the completion of the Risk and Resilience Assessment by the deadlines listed above. Each utility must certify the Emergency Response Plan within six months of certifying the Risk and Resiliency Assessment. Three options are available for certification; will be provided for submittal: regular mail, email, and a secure on-line portal. The on-line submission portal is the only method that will provide water systems with a receipt of submittal. The EPA recommends using this method.

While iParametrics cannot submit the certification for you, we can provide you with clear documentation of the completion of all AWIA tasks and guide you through the certification process.

6 Who can certify my Risk and Resilience Assessment and Emergency Response Plan?

Risk and Resilience Assessments and Emergency Response Plans must be certified by an authorized representative of the utility. Third party vendors cannot sign the certification.

7Do I need to submit my certification to my state or local government?

No. Section 2013 of AWIA does not require utilities to submit the certification to state or local governments.

When conducting the Risk and Resilience Assessment and developing the Emergency Response Plan, iParametrics facilitates coordination with local and state emergency planners to ensure plans are mutually supportive and compliant with all governing regulations.

8When can I submit the initial certification?

The U.S. EPA published Baseline Information on Malevolent Acts Relevant to Community Water Systems in August 2019. Utilities can begin the certification process at any point after that date.

We would like to remind utilities that certification of the Risk and Resiliency Assessment automatically starts the six-month clock for the certification of the Emergency Response Plan.

9How long do I need to keep a copy of my Risk and Resilience Assessment and Emergency Response Plan?

Since the EPA will no longer accept or store copies of the Assessment or the Plan, utilities need to keep copies of both documents for five years after certification.

10What if I do not have a copy of my most recent Risk and Resilience Assessment?

The U.S. EPA intends to destroy vulnerability assessments (VAs) submitted in response to the Bioterrorism Act of 2002. If utilities would like to have their VA and certification documents mailed to them, contact WSD-Outreach@epa.gov, and on utility letterhead, include the utility name, PWSID, address, and point of contact as an attachment to the email.


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